Volume 4, Issue 2, June 2018, Page: 5-12
Dietary Patterns and Their Association with Blood Pressure Control among Hypertensive Patients in Gaza Strip, Palestine
Abdel Hamid El Bilbeisi, Department of Clinical Nutrition, School of Nutritional Sciences and Dietetics, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, International Campus (TUMS- IC), Tehran, Iran
Saeed Hosseini, Department of Clinical Nutrition, School of Nutritional Sciences and Dietetics, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, International Campus (TUMS- IC), Tehran, Iran
Kurosh Djafarian, Department of Clinical Nutrition, School of Nutritional Sciences and Dietetics, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, International Campus (TUMS- IC), Tehran, Iran
Received: Aug. 22, 2018;       Accepted: Sep. 3, 2018;       Published: Oct. 8, 2018
DOI: 10.11648/j.jfmhc.20180402.11      View  263      Downloads  15
Abstract
Background: Silent killer, or hypertension, rarely has noticeable symptoms. But if untreated, it increases the risk of serious problems such as heart attacks and strokes. Globally, the World Health Organization estimates that, the overall prevalence of hypertension was around 40% in adults. However, the role of diet in the origin of hypertension is not understood well. Therefore, the purpose of the current study was to identify major dietary patterns among hypertensive patients and its association with blood pressure control in Gaza Strip, Palestine. Methods: This cross sectional study was conducted among a representative sample of Palestinian hypertensive patients (both genders, aged 30 - 64 years), patients receiving care in the primary healthcare centers in Gaza Strip, Palestine. Dietary patterns were obtained using factor analysis. Data regarding other variables was collected using an interview-based questionnaire. Statistical analysis was performed using SPSS version 20. Results: Two major dietary patterns were identified, including: Asian-like pattern and sweet-soft drinks-snacks pattern. After adjustment of potential confounders, patients in the lowest tertile of the Asian-like pattern had a lower odds for high systolic blood pressure, (OR 0.970 CI 95% (.951-.990)), (P value < 0.05). No significant association was found between the Asian-like pattern with diastolic blood pressure. In addition, no significant associations were found between the sweet-soft drinks snacks pattern and blood pressure. Conclusion: The Asian-like pattern characterized by a high consumption of whole grains, potatoes, vegetables, fruit and olive may be associated with a lower prevalence of systolic blood pressure among hypertensive patients. Further future studies are required to confirm these findings.
Keywords
Blood Pressure, Dietary Patterns, Factor Analysis, Hypertension, Palestine
To cite this article
Abdel Hamid El Bilbeisi, Saeed Hosseini, Kurosh Djafarian, Dietary Patterns and Their Association with Blood Pressure Control among Hypertensive Patients in Gaza Strip, Palestine, Journal of Family Medicine and Health Care. Vol. 4, No. 2, 2018, pp. 5-12. doi: 10.11648/j.jfmhc.20180402.11
Copyright
Copyright © 2018 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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